Print books (and periodicals) have been subject to a special VAT reduction–a move other countries might do well to adopt in an effort to increase reading–for a while. E-books (and audiobooks), however, were not granted the same treatment. Starting in at least 2015, the industry began pressuring the EU to adopt a lowered tax rate for digital book products; the EU proposed adding digital books to the lower VAT rate list in late 2016.
The EU didn’t adopt this proposal immediately, though several countries, including France and Luxembourg, began applying their print-book rate to digital books–a move that took those member states to the Court of Justice of the European Union, which ruled that this tax model was a violation of the EU VAT Directive in March of this year.
In response, EU finance ministers worked to reach an agreement on the proposal and voted earlier this month to allow member states to apply the lowered VAT to digital books.