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As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the economies of many countries have been significantly damaged. In Sweden, GDP is expected to fall by 4.6 percent in 2020, despite the country’s lack of business and school lockdowns. In August, Sweden’s unemployment rate was 9 percent. Unsurprisingly, Sweden’s economic recovery is a priority in the upcoming
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As the economic crisis driven by the pandemic has continued, a troubling trend in tax policy discussions has arisen. It is common these days to hear finance ministers refer to tax increases that would be narrowly targeted at a particular business model or industry simply based on the fact that those businesses appear to be
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In 2017, Value-Added Tax (VAT) accounted for 62.3 percent of consumption tax revenues in the OECD on average, making it an important source of government revenue. The European Commission (EC) recently published the latest version of their annual report on the “VAT Gap” in 2018 for the 28 Member States of the European Union at
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The economic downturn of the coronavirus pandemic that struck back in March left millions of Americans without jobs. Currently, more than 22 million people are collecting unemployment benefits — much of which is a direct result of the country shutdown. And while the CARES Act offered some relief to those impacted by the economy closure through
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On March 27, 2020, the U.S. Congress passed the $2 trillion Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act in order to provide fast, direct financial assistance for American families, small businesses and workers affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The main stimulus program for small businesses found in the CARES Act is the Paycheck Protection
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Up until now value-added taxes (VAT) were considered to be highly regressive taxes. Numerous studies have found that VAT appears to be regressive when measured as a percentage of current income. Nevertheless, a recent OECD paper used household expenditures microdata from 27 OECD countries to reassess this often-made conclusion that VAT is regressive. Value-added taxes
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Key Findings The fiscal responses to the COVID-19 pandemic will require policymakers to consider what revenue resources should be used to fill budget gaps. Tax policy experts have proposed wealth taxes, (global) corporate minimum taxes, excess profits taxes, and digital taxes as opportunities for governments to raise new revenues. Instead of designing novel taxes, however,
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Today, Senators Ted Cruz (R-TX) and Martha McSally (R-AZ) introduced the CREATE JOBS Act (Cost Recovery and Expensing Acceleration to Transform the Economy and Jumpstart Opportunities for Businesses and Startups) that would make two significant changes to incentivize investment in the United States. The proposal would prevent scheduled changes that would worsen the tax treatment
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Inheritance tax dates back to the Roman Empire, which collected 5 percent of inherited property in order to pay soldiers’ pensions. Today, the practice is widespread. The majority of European countries covered in today’s map currently levy estate, inheritance, or gift taxes. These countries are Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
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Last week, Austria’s Finance Minister Gernot Bluemel stated that Austria is looking at introducing a tax allowance for corporate equity—or sometimes also referred to as notional interest deduction—as early as next year. Such an allowance would allow businesses to deduct a defined rate of interest on equity from their tax base—a measure that intends to
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All European Union (EU) countries levy excise duties on distilled alcohol; excise tax is applied to the cost of goods on purchase. The standard size of a liquor bottle in the EU is 700ml (23.7 oz). Many spirits, such as vodka, gin, rum, and whiskey, contain alcohol content in the range of 40 percent. The
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Key Findings Taxpayers reported about $11 trillion of total income on their 2017 tax returns. About 68.8 percent ($7.5 trillion) of total income reported on Form 1040 consisted of wages and salaries, and about 82.5 percent of all tax filers reported earning wage income. Retirement accounts (such as 401(k)s and Individual Retirement Accounts, or IRAs)
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Key Findings Extrapolating from recently revised state revenue forecasts yields an estimated nationwide $121 billion decline in state tax collections across FYs 2020 and 2021 against a FY 2019 baseline, and $191 billion compared to initial tax revenue projections for those two years. These estimates are consistent with the results of other recent analyses, and,
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Last week, former Vice President and presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden released a set of economic proposals aimed at increasing investment in research & development (R&D) and “breakthrough” technology in energy. Biden should include canceling the upcoming amortization of R&D expenses in 2022, which would pair well with his plan and remove a headwind
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Today the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) announced new tariffs in response to the French digital services tax. The tariffs of 25 percent on $1.3 billion worth of trade would not go into effect until January 6, 2021. The tariffs would apply to several make-up products, handbags, and assorted soaps. In January, the U.S. and France
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